Feminists march on International Women's Day Mar 8, 2015 15:53:48 GMT -7
Post by pieter on Mar 8, 2015 15:53:48 GMT -7
Feminists march on International Women's Day
Feminists thronged the capital on Sunday for an annual march marking International Women's Day.
Manifa marchers in Warsaw on Sunday. Photo: PAP/Jacek Turczyk
This year, the so-called Manifa demonstration is highlighting the plight of Poland's disabled women, and the barriers they face.
Likewise, marchers are drawing attention to the problem of sexual harrassment of women in general, and domestic violence, the latter a hot issue in parliament at present.
Participants are marching under the slogan of ''Everyone is at home'', with the route taking in Warsaw sites and foundations which are associated with the feminist movement.
Happenings have also been hosted in other cities, including Łódż, Poznań and Wrocław.
On Saturday, Manifa demonstrators descended on Krakow's Main Market Square. Among other issues, marchers drew attention to the plight of Polish nurses, who often have to work on temporary contracts, and are poorly paid, according to the protesters.
Although International Women's Day was first held in 1910, in Poland it remains divisive, as the day was rigorously promoted during the communist era.
Female workers were traditionally presented with flowers, or even tights, on Women's Day.
Many women in today's Poland reject the celebration, on account of its communist associations.
Nevertheless, others feel put out if not presented with flowers by family-members or a partner on 8 March. (nh)
Clara Zetkin (left) with Rosa Luxemburg in 1910. Zetkin established the first "International Women's Day" on 19 March 1911, launching the idea of it in Ungdomshuset, what later became one of the resorts for the then-incipient labour movement of Copenhagen (Denmark).
Women marched in Amsterdam on Sunday too. In the Netherlands the leftwing, socialist and communist heritage of the event is not such an issue, because the country was never occupied by the SovjetUnion, nor ruled by the communists. The communist party CPN was always in the opposition when it stil existed, and couldn't compete with the stronger Labour party and had strong competition of other leftwing parties. Feminism, emancipation and the fight or struggle against the discrimination of women and against sexism was a hot topic in leftwing politics and inside the leftwing and center-left parties form the far left to the center left Labour party. The Labour party always had a strong feminist wing and a lot of the activists and leaders of the smaller leftwing parties were women. During the late seventies and early eighties the orthodox marxist-leninist party cadres were slowly overshadowed or replaces by feminists, young advocates of Gay rights and a more democratic socialist, anti-authoritarian kind of West-European communists. A lot of old communists left the party.
In the 1982 the party got its first mayor in the Communist stronghold of Beerta. Before the elections of the same year Marcus Bakker stepped down in favour of Ina Brouwer. With her a new generation of younger, often female MPs entered politics. She was able to keep the three seats. The CPN tried to renew its political program, emphasizing New Left issues like feminism and gay rights. In reaction to this working class-oriented members founded the Horizontal Council of Communists (called so because they were members from different local branches, breaking the vertical organization of democratic centralism). The group tried to pressure the CPN into returning to its Old Left course. In 1983 they left the party and formed the League of Communists in the Netherlands (Verbond van Communisten In Nederland). In 1986 both the CPN and VCN contested the elections. Neither won a seat in the House of Representatives. The CPN still had two senators. As one of the last acts of the party, the party leadership attended the festivities surrounding 40th anniversary of the German Democratic Republic.
CPN-leader Ina Brouwer in the Dutch parlaiment during the early eighties
Old party leader Marcus Bakker, left the party opposing it's New Left and feminist course
The Female leaders and politicians of the other far left parties
Andree van Es, leader of the far left Pacifist Socialist Party, PSP, during the eighties, in the Dutch parlaiment.
A 1981 election poster of the far left Political Party of Radicals, PPR, with it's chairwoman, Ria Beckers on it.
Cathy Ubels, party leader and the only parlaiment member of the minor progressive Protestant political party, the Evangelical People's Party. She cooperated with the PSP and the PPR, since the EVP (Evangelical People's Party) opposed nuclear arms. She opposed the placement of nuclear weapons of the United States in the Netherlands. In 1985 during protests over the proposed placement of Tomahawk missiles on Dutch territory Ubels-Veen called Dutch Prime Minister an indirect accomplice of genocide.
The communist CPN, Pacifist Socialist PSP, the Radical PPR and the leftwing christian EVP were called the 'Little Left' in the Dutch politics and in the parliament. The small biblical Dutch Reformed Calvinist parties on the other Rightwing side of the parliament were called 'little right'. They opposed secularism, atheism, the radical left and the left, and were opposed to socialism, communism, New Left and Old Left, and against the liberal and Social-democratic and social liberal center-left. They also opposed Feminism, women emancipation, abortion, euthenasia and Gay marriage.
Often the Feminists and the Gay Rights movement cooperated. I often wondered why Gay men often stood for women emancipation and Feminism. They have a strong bond with their mothers, sisters and girfriends. They like independent and strong women. And they often have female Gay icons. This was just a question of mine. I don't need an answer. I just wondered. Maybe it is like the Civil Rights movement. Liberal advocates for workers rights and female rights also stood up for the rights of African-Americans. By the way not all Gays and not all women are Feminists. Some Gays are very conservative, and not seldom against Gay rights and Gay culture. They are Gay but dislike the social-cultural, political and militant aspects of it. They want to keep it in the closet, live normal family lives and don't want to be in the spotlights. Some women in the Netherlands, Poland and the USA think the same about Feminism. I often heard women and girls complain about the masculine Feminists, abiut their lack of female characteristics, and the fact that they consider the Feminists to extreme. Some women fear that feminism disturb male-female relations, and dislike the female centric character of feminism, because they favor harmony between males and females. They are mothers with a husband and children. They were and are irritated about the criticism of feminists on the traditional family lives and women who are housewives or have a traditional mother role, like keeping the house clean, cooking, taking care of the children and working in the same time.