ruly, the origins of this bird are unclear. There are several anecdotal stories of how it came into Europe.
My favorite is that in 1736, the King of Poland was unseated and fled to France. With him in his ‘luggage’ he brought his beloved Polish chickens.
They became the darlings of French society at the time, being loved by the French aristocracy and from then on their future was assured. As romantic as this might seem, it is highly unlikely to be true. The truth is probably more mundane. The first real mention of them comes from the Netherlands where they were possibly imported from Spain. It is thought that the name Polish was derived from the old Dutch word ‘pol’ for large head.