The People's Party (French: Parti populaire, Dutch: Personenpartij), abbreviated to PP, is a political party in Belgium. Primarily a French-speaking party, it considers itself to be to the right of the Reformist Movement, the main centre-right party in Francophone Belgium.
The PP was founded on 26 November 2009 by Rudy Aernoudt and Mischaël Modrikamen, inspired in part by the examples of the People's Party in Spain and the Union for a Popular Movement in France. The PP considers itself to be economically liberal in the European sense of the term. The party's manifesto emphasizes efficiency and disinterestedness in governance, plain speaking, and individual autonomy. The PP aims to reform the justice system and to strengthen the Belgian federal government relative to the regions and communities.
In its first electoral test, the 2010 Belgian general election, the PP won 84,005 votes (1.29% of the national total) and returned Laurent Louis as its first Member of Parliament for Walloon Brabant. The PP list for the Senate, headed by Rudy Aernoudt, took 98,858 votes (1.53% nationally) but failed to return a Senator.
Aernoudt and Modrikamen had a public falling-out in August 2010. Laurent Louis had publicly supported the policy of Nicolas Sarkozy in deporting Roma people from France. These comments provoked the indignation of both Aernoudt and the leaders of the PP's youth wing, but Modrikamen did not join in their call for Louis to apologize, and Aernoudt was expelled from the party. Aernoudt disputed the legality of his expulsion, and also criticized Modrikamen's call for a "Plan B" (an independent Wallonia-Brussels) as a betrayal of the party's federalist identity. Aernoudt also publicly accused Modrikamen of financial misdeeds.[ The rupture leaves the future of the party uncertain. The People's Party is supportive of Israel.
Mischael Modrikamen, president of the People's Party, has reiterated after the regional elections in 2012 the interest to offer a partnership with the Flemish party, the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA), to transform Belgium into a confederal state in 2014.
In 2014 the PP won 1 seat in the chamber of representatives and 1 seat in the Walloon Parliament. The PP reached more than 10% in some cantons. However Mischaël Modrikamen did not get a seat in the chamber of representatives. The PP participated in the European elections for the first time but did not get a seat despite the score of Luc Trullemans.
He has some influence, but I hope you and other Forum members have time to watch Steve Bannon's Oxford Union adress. Steve Bannon is right when he says that he advices the European rightwing populist parties, but that these parties are very well organised themselves and that Steve Bannon is not a hero or Guru over here. The European rightwing populist and nationalistic political parties don't need Bannon's help, strategic or tactical advice. Europe has very old political structures and the far left, leftwing, center left, centrist (pragmatic, technocratic, pragmatic parties of the middle, the center, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_tent ), center right, rightg and far right are very well organised today. Why, because Nationalism, Patriotism, Conservatism (Edmund Burke), Liberalism (Classical Liberalism), Social Democracy, Communist and socialist Marxism (Marxism-Leninism in it's different versions), Monarchism, Republicanism (European republicanism, which means anti-Monarchism and a Pro-Republic stance), corporatism, Fascism and Nazism have European roots. I separate Fascism and Nazism from Nationalism and Patriotism, because the present day European Nationalist and Populist parties are not fascist nor Nazi, but rightwing populist, national conservative, national liberal in some instances, social conservative, Nationalist, but not Nazi, nor Neo-Nazi nor Fascists. They are a new brand of rightwing populist Nationalist and national conservative political parties. The left tries to frame them as 'Nazi's" and "Fascists", but they are not.
To describe the European far right in it's National conservative, rightwing populist and modern nationalist 21th century form of movements, groups, political parties, organisations, action committees, blogs, websites, youtube chanals and Facebook pages would cost me probably a year of research, laying connections, e-mail correspondences, Facebook chats, private conversations, phone calls and going to demonstrations, debates, actions and manifestations.
In the Netherlands you wouldn't understand Geert Wilders without the specific Dutch political history. The same counts for Alternative für Deutschland in Germany, Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) in Poland, Rassemblement national (RN) in France, Lega Nord in Italy, Golden Dawn in Greece, Fidesz in Hungary, the FPÖ in Austria, Sverigedemokraterna (SD; the Sweden Democrats) in Sweden, Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) in Belgium, the Dansk Folkeparti (Danish peoples party) in Denmark), Perussuomalaiset (PS; Finns Party) in Finland, Demokratene i Norge (Democrats in Norway) in Norway, UKIP in Great Britain, and the Schweizerische Volkspartei (SVP; Swiss People's Party) in Switzerland. That long before Geert Wilders and Pim Fortuyn you had the Boerenpartij (Farmersparty 1959-1981) of Boer Koekoek (Farmer Cuckoo) in the sixties and the Centrum Partij en the Centrum Democraten in the late seventies with politician Hans Janmaat who had one seat in parliament and was completely ignored and isolated. You wouldn't understand Geert Wilders if you don't know that he first started his career in prime minister Mark Rutte's center right conservative liberal VVD party and gained a lot of experience there.
Wilders' goal after he graduated from secondary school was to see the world. Because he did not have enough money to travel to Australia, his preferred destination, he went to Israel instead and volunteered for a year moshav Tomer on the West Bank. With the money he saved, he travelled to the neighbouring Arab countries, and was moved by the lack of democracy in the region, due to the conflicts at the time. When he returned to the Netherlands, he retained Israeli ideas about counter-terrorism and a "special feeling of solidarity" for the country.
Living in Utrecht, Wilders initially worked in the health insurance industry. His interest in the subject led him into politics as a speech-writer for the Netherlands' People's Party for Freedom and Democracy. He started his formal political career as a parliamentary assistant to the party leader Frits Bolkestein, specialising in foreign policy. He held this job from 1990 to 1998. During this time Geert Wilders travelled extensively, visiting countries all across the Middle East, including Iran, Syria, Jordan, Egypt and Israel. Bolkestein was the first Dutch politician to address the consequences of mass immigration for Dutch society, including a sharp criticism of Muslim immigrants. He set an example for Wilders not only in his ideas but also in his confrontational speaking style. Political analyst Anno Bunnik later described Wilders as a "sorcerer's apprentice" to Bolkestein.
Wilders strongly opposes the Dutch political system in general. He believes that there is a ruling elite of parliamentarians who only care about their own personal careers and disregard the will of the people. He also blames the Dutch system of multiparty coalition governments for a lack of clear and effective policies. In his view, Dutch society advocates rule by consensus and cultural relativism, while he believes that this should change so as "not [to] tolerate the intolerant".
Wilders views British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher as his greatest political role model. People's Party for Freedom and Democracy figure Frits Bolkestein also heavily influenced his beliefs.
1972 Farmers party election poster with Boer Koekoek (Farmer Cuckoo), Hendrik Koekoek (22 May 1912 – 8 February 1987)
Steve Bannon is an intelligent guy and he has travelled extensively through Europe, investigated the European political situation and the differences between countries. He is an unorthodox political figure in the far right world, because far right political ideologues, thinkers, theoretics, philosophers, activists, militants, leaders and politicians often tend to be very strict, dogmatic, orthodox in the national conservative, populist and nationalist sense. Steve Bannon is a typical American rightwinger, pragmatic, realistic, well informed. But I think he underestimates the European far right differences, the national differences between these political parties and the fact that European nationalists tend to be sceptic towards outsiders. European rightwing populists and nationalists have different agenda's than American rightwing populists and nationalists. Except the Poles many Central-European, West-European and Southern-European far right rightwing populists are fond of Vladimir Putin. And rather a few of them are Pro-Hafez al-Assad's Ba'ath regime in Syria, because the Syrian regime has Syrian Christian and Druze allies next to the Allawites of the government, the army and the secret services. The European rightwing populist nationalists like the Syrian regime because it is against the Muslim Brotherhood, against Islamic State (Daesh), because it is anti-Al Qaida and because it is an allie of Russia and that is good in the point of view of these Pro-Russian, Pro-Putin European nationalists and rightwing populists. Strangely enough in the same time some of these nationalists are Pro-Israel and Pro-Likud in the same time.
Steve Bannon with Marine Le Pen in France
Steve Bannon entered a strange world when he entered the European far right. He is in a world of conflicting nationalisms, different kind of rightwing populism, and a twilight zone where former people of the rightwing wing of the German Christian Democracy merge with Neo-Nazi's who supposedly transformed themselves in rightwing populists who serve the national conservative Alternative für Deutschland today. Not a long time ago they were supporters of the Neo-Nazi, Ultranationalist, Pan-Germanic, Hard Eurosceptic, Far right NPD (National Democratic Party of Germany) and member of the Freie Kameradschaften (informal organised Neo-nazi-Groups). But today the Alternative für Deutschland aligns itself with the Israeli right, like Geert Wilders PVV, the Austrian FPÖ and the Hungarian Fidesz Party prime minister Victor Orban. The European far right has changed in the last decades. The real Neo-Nazi's are a fringe group today, far greater is the national conservative and rightwing populist movement in Europe, with it's ties to the USA, Israel, Canada, Australia and Great-Britain (despite Brexit, European Nationalists from the continent want to follow Great Britain with a Nexit (Netherlands), Frexit (France), Polexit (Poland), and Danexit in Denmark. For now the EU is in tact, but the anti-European forces are gathering for the European elections next year.
After leaving the White House, Steve Bannon declared his intention to become "the infrastructure, globally, for the global populist movement." Accordingly, he has supported various national populist conservative political movements around the world. These include France's National Front, Hungary's Fidesz, the Italian League, the Brothers of Italy, Alternative for Germany, the Sweden Democrats, the Dutch Party for Freedom, the Freedom Party of Austria, the Swiss People's Party, the UK Independence Party, the Flemish Vlaams Belang, the Belgian People's Party, Spain’s Vox, the Finns Party, the pan-European identitarian movement, Republika Srpska's Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, the Brazilian 2018 Jair Bolsonaro presidential campaign, and the Israeli Likud. Bannon believes that the aforementioned movements – along with Japan’s Shinzo Abe, India’s Narendra Modi, Russia's Vladimir Putin, Saudi Arabia's Mohammad bin Salman, China's Xi Jinping, Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and America's Donald Trump, as well as similar leaders in Egypt, the Philippines, Poland, and South Korea – are part of a global shift towards nationalism.
A self-described economic nationalist, Bannon advocates for reductions in immigration, restrictions on free trade with China and Mexico, and an increased federal income tax for those earning incomes of over $5 million a year. Bannon is a skeptic of military intervention abroad and has opposed proposals for the expansion of U.S. involvement in Afghanistan, Syria, and Venezuela. He has been described by some as a white nationalist but rejects the description. According to conservative commentator David French, Bannon has "done more than any other person to introduce the ... alt-right into mainstream American life".
Susan "Zanny" Minton Beddoes (born 1967) is a British journalist. She is the 17th and first female editor-in-chief of The Economist. She began working for the newspaper in 1994, as its emerging markets correspondent. Beddoes was educated at Moreton Hall School near Oswestry, received an undergraduate degree at Oxford University, where she studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics at St Hilda's College, and earned a master's degree at Harvard University, as a Kennedy Scholar.
After graduation, she was recruited as an adviser to the Minister of Finance in Poland, in 1992, as part of a small group headed by Professor Jeffrey Sachs of Harvard. She then spent two years as an economist at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), where she worked on macroeconomic adjustment programmes in Africa and the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe.
Through this work, she joined The Economist in 1994 as the magazine's correspondent for emerging markets, based in London. She becamen the Economics editor in 1996, overseeing global economics coverage from Washington DC, and later moved to Business Affairs editor, responsible for business, finance and science. She began as the 17th and first female editor-in-chief on 2 February 2015.
CGTN America is the American division of CGTN. CGTN is the collection of international language news channels run by China Media Group. It is based in Washington, D.C. and manages bureaus across North and South America. The service employs a mix of American, international and Chinese journalists and producesAmericas-based programming with a focus on Asia for CGTN.
CGTN America is led by director general Ma Jing with veteran Asia journalistJim Laurie as executive consultant. It began broadcasting on February 6, 2012, replacing the former English language CCTV 9 in the region.
James Andrew Laurie is an American writer, journalist, and broadcaster who is known principally for his work in Asia. Laurie started a freelance career in the early 1970s writing for the Far Eastern Economic Review and other newspapers. In 1972, Laurie joined NBC News in Saigon to cover the wars in Vietnam and Cambodia. In 1975, with cameraman Neil Davis, he covered the final phase of the Communist take over of Vietnam on April 30, remaining 26 days in the newly renamed Ho Chi Minh City. His work in Vietnam in 1975 for NBC News earned him the George Foster Peabody Award from the University of Georgia. Laurie reported for ABC News from 1978 to 1999. In 1980, his reporting in Vietnamese-occupied Cambodia resulted in a one-hour ABC News Close Up documentary This Shattered Land. Today Laurie is the executive consultant for CGTN America. Since 2012, his main role has been as 'executive consultant' at CCTV America, a Chinese state enterprise that aims to exercise Chinese soft power in the Americas. CGTN America replaced the former English language CCTV 9 in the region.
Bannon is close to European rightwing populism and leftwing populism in the sense that he combines traditional rightwing Nationalist and rightwing populist ideas with some rather leftwing populist elements. He is more a Józef Piłsudski like inclusive thinker, than a Roman Dmowski like ethnocentric peoples nationalist. He is close to modern European populism but influenced more by American ideas and life.
Steve Bannon's direction is Nationalist Populism and Economic Nationalism. With his movement he wants to unite the European conservative Eurosceptics, National Conservatives, Rightwing Populists, anti-Establishment/Anti-Elitist forces, European nationalists, anti-migration forces and European anti-Globalists.