Nayef Hawatmeh (Arabic: نايف حواتمة, Kunya: Abu an-Nuf) (born November 1938 in Salt, Transjordan) is a Palestinian politician of Jordanian origin. His name can be transliterated from the Arabic in many ways; variants include Naif Hawatma, Nayif Hawatme, etc.
Hawatmeh hails from a Jordanian clan and is a Catholic Christian. He is the General Secretary of the Marxist Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) since its formation in a 1969 split from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), of which he was also a founder. He was active as a left-wing leader in the Arab Nationalist Movement (ANM), which preceded the PFLP.
He presently resides in exile in Syria, from which the DFLP receives some support. The DFLP was responsible for the 1974 Ma'alot massacre in which 25 schoolchildren and teachers were killed.
Hawatmeh opposed the 1993 Oslo Accords, calling them a "sell-out", but became more conciliatory in the late 1990s. In 1999 he agreed to meet with Yassir Arafat (who had signed the accords) and even shook hands with the Israeli President, Ezer Weizmann, at the funeral of King Hussein of Jordan, drawing strong criticism from his Palestinian and Arab peers.
In 2004 he was briefly active in a joint Palestinian-Israeli non-governmental attempt to start a coalition of Palestinian groups supporting a two-state solution, and called for a cessation of hostilities in the al-Aqsa Intifada.
In 2007 Israel indicated it would allow him to travel to the West Bank for the first time since 1967, in order to participate in a meeting of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
Published on 21 jul. 2015
The leader of radical PLO faction the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) on Thursday (20/2) announced that it has dropped its violent opposition to the Israeli-Palestinianpeace accords and will no longer carry out attacks on Israelis.
DAMASCUS, SYRIA, 20/02
Nayef Hawatmeh SOT: " We call for a comprehensive dialogue to build this new unity and if we agree about that all the Palestinian organisations inside the PLO coalition can go together to a new comprehensive settlement and put an end to Israeli occupation, expansion and achieve our aim of self-determination, our capital is Jerusalem and to connect between Syrian and Lebanese comprehensive peace in Middle East between the Arabs and the Israelis according to 242 and 338 ( UN resolutions) land for peace and solve the problem... We will not participate in Oslo or Hebron accord - these accords are not just, at the same time we are calling for a new agenda, not to say as Oslo accord says ... we want a comprehensive peace between our people and the Israeli state. Without it - Middle East will not see in the coming few years any security, troubles will continue because Netanyahyu government policy built on agression...." Cameraman cutaway
Ahmad Sa'adat (also transliterated from Arabic as Ahmed Sadat/Saadat, Arabic: احمد سعدات; born 1953) is a Palestinian militant and Secretary-General of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a Marxist, Palestinian nationalist organisation. Sa'adat graduated in 1975 from the UNRWA Teachers College, Ramallah, specializing in Mathematics.
Sa'adat was elected Secretary-General of the PFLP by its Central Committee in October 2001, to succeed Abu Ali Mustafa, after Mustafa was assassinated by Israelis at his office in Ramallah, the West Bank. He believes in the right of return for all Palestinian refugees and their descendants back to their former homes.
Sa'adat had spent 10 years in Israeli prisons, on eight separate occasions. He was accused by Israel of organizing the assassination of the Israeli Tourism Minister, Rehavam Ze'evi, and took refuge in the Muqata'a headquarters of PLO leaderYassir Arafat, which was then besieged by Israel after Arafat refused to hand him over to Israel. As part of an agreement with Israel, Sa'adat was tried by the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and imprisoned in Jericho prison in 2002. In the Palestinian elections of January 2006, Sa'adat was elected to the Palestinian Legislative Council. On 14 March 2006, the US and British team monitoring Jericho prison left because of poor security conditions. On the same day, Israeli forces carried out the so-called Operation Bringing Home the Goods, taking Sa'adat and five other security prisoners into custody. On 25 December he was given a 30 year prison sentence by an Israeli military court. He is currently in solitary confinement in an Israeli prison and his health has deteriorated after frequent hunger strikes.
Fatah Central Committee member Jibril Rajoub said in a February 9, 2019 interview on Al-Arabiya Network (Saudi Arabia) that the way to achieve regional peace and stability is to end the suffering of the Palestinians and confront the Israeli occupation. He said that Netanyahu was invited to the Middle East summit in Warsaw – while the Palestinians weren't invited until later – in order to "remind us of the Holocaust and Auschwitz." He asserted that there is an "Israeli Auschwitz" in every Palestinian city.
Jibril Rajoub (Arabic: جبريل رجوب, born 1953), also known by his kunya Abu Rami, is a Palestinian political and militant figure. He was the head of the Preventive Security Force in the West Bank until being dismissed (along with the force's chief in Gaza, Ghazi Jabali) in 2002. He had been a member of the Fatah Revolutionary Council until 2009 and was elected to the Fatah Central Committee at the party's 2009 congress, serving as Deputy-Secretary until 2017, before being elected Secretary General of the Central Committee in 2017. He also leads the Palestinian Football Association and the Palestine Olympic Committee.
Hamas (Arabic: حماس Ḥamās, an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah Islamic Resistance Movement) is a PalestinianSunni-Islamist fundamentalist organization. It has a social service wing, Dawah, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. It has been the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip since its takeover of that area in 2007. During this period it fought several wars with Israel. It is regarded, either in whole or in part, as a terrorist organization by several countries and international organizations, most notably by Israel, the United States and the European Union. Russia, China, and Turkey are among countries who do not regard it so.
Hamas was founded in 1987, soon after the First Intifada broke out, as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, which in its Gaza branch had been non-confrontational towards Israel, refrained from resistance, and was hostile to the PLO. Co-founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin stated in 1987, and the Hamas Charter affirmed in 1988, that Hamas was founded to liberate Palestine, including modern-day Israel, from Israeli occupation and to establish an Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The group has stated that it may accept a 10-year truce if Israel withdraws to the 1967 borders and allows Palestinian refugees from 1948, including their descendants, to return to what is now Israel, although clarifying that this does not mean recognition of Israel or the end of the conflict. Hamas's military wing objected to the truce offer. Analysts have said that it seems clear that Hamas knows that many of its conditions for the truce could never be met.
Mustafa Barghouti (Arabic: مصطفى البرغوثي; born 1 January 1954) is a Palestinian physician, activist, and politician who serves as General Secretary of the Palestinian National Initiative (PNI), also known as al Mubadara. He has been a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council since 2006 and is also a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Central Council. In 2007, Barghouti was Minister of Information in the Palestinian unity government.
Palestinian National Initiative
Palestinian National Initiative (Arabic: المبادرة الوطنية الفلسطينية al-Mubādara al-Waṭaniyya al-Filasṭīniyya) is a Palestinian political party led by Mustafa Barghouti.
Its formation was formally announced on 17 June 2002 in Ramallah on the West Bank, part of the Palestinian Territories, by Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Dr Mustafa Barghouthi and Ibrahim Dakkak. The PNI views itself as a "democratic third force" in Palestinian politics and opposes the dichotomy between Fatah (which it views as corrupt and undemocratic) and Hamas (which it views as extremist and fundamentalist).
Bassam Al-Salhi (Arabic: بسام الصالحي, born 1960) is a General Secretary of the Palestinian People's Party and elected member of the Palestinian Legislative Council.
He was the party's candidate for President of the Palestinian Authority in 2005. He received the fewest votes.
He was one of the two deputies elected from The Alternative at the Palestinian legislative election, 2006.
In the 2007 "Unity Government" he was appointed Minister for Culture, but due to his failure to run the ministry, he was discharged from this position in the same year.
The Palestinian People's Party (PPP, in Arabic: حزب الشعب الفلسطيني Hizb al-Sha'b al-Filastini), founded in 1982 as the Palestinian Communist Party, is a socialist political party in the Palestinian territories and among the Palestinian diaspora.
Ahmed Majdalani (Arabic: أحمد مجدلاني) (1956– ) is a Palestinian politician, university professor and researcher. A former Palestinian government minister, he currently serves as Secretary-General of the Palestinian Popular Struggle Front (PPSF) and is a senior member of the PLO Executive Committee which is considered the highest political level in Palestine.
The Palestinian Popular Struggle Front (PPSF, occasionally abbr. PSF), (Arabic: جبهة النضال الشعبي الفلسطيني, Jabhet Al-Nedal Al-Sha'abi Al-Falestini), is a Palestinian political party. The group was led by Dr. Samir Ghawshah until his death in 2009. Despite holding a seat in the executive council in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), PPSF is generally considered to have a limited influence over Palestinian politics.
George Habash (Arabic: جورج حبش), also known by his laqab "al-Hakim" (Arabic: الحكيم, "the wise one" or "the doctor"; 2 August 1926 – 26 January 2008) was a Palestinian Christian politician who founded the left-wing secular nationalistPopular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). Habash served as Secretary-General of the PFLP until 2000, when ill health forced him to resign.
Salam Fayyad (Arabic: سلام فياض, Salām Fayāḍ; born 2 April 1951) is a Palestinian politician and former Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority and Finance Minister.
He was Finance Minister from June 2002 to November 2005 and from March 2007 to May 2012. Fayyad was Prime Minister between June 2007 and June 2013.
Fayyad resigned from the cabinet in November 2005 to run as founder and leader of the new Third Way party for the legislative elections of 2006. The party was not successful, and Fayyad returned as Finance Minister in the March 2007 Unity Government. Fayyad's first appointment as Prime Minister on 15 June 2007, which was justified by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas on the basis of "national emergency", was not confirmed by the Palestinian Legislative Council. His successor, Rami Hamdallah, was named on 2 June 2013.
Fayyad was popular in the West for his reform of the financial system within the Palestinian Authority.
In the present situation I wonder if it would be possible that Israeli's and Palestinians could live in one state. A state with three official languages, Hebrew, Arabic and English, and a dozen of other languages spoken by it's citizens, with some language rights. The problem is about territory, Israel-proper, the West Bank (called Judea and Samaria Area (Hebrew: אֵזוֹר יְהוּדָה וְשׁוֹמְרוֹן, Ezor Yehuda VeShomron, also an acronym יו"שYosh or ש"יShai; Arabic: يهودا والسامرة, Yahuda was-Sāmerah) by Zionist Israeli's, Zionist Diaspora Jews, Zionist Christians (the largest group of Zionists in the world) and Orthodox religious jews who support Israel -exclusive the hundreds of thousands of Ultra-Orthodox Haredi anti-Zionist jews-) and Gaza, water, fertile ground for agriculture, sarcred places to the three Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) like Jerusalem, the Cave of the Patriarchs or Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron (sacred to both Jews and Muslims), Bethlehem (for christians), and Nazareth, a center of Christian pilgrimage, with many shrines commemorating biblical events.
Tomb of the Patriarch in Hebron
Sri Lankan Christian pilgrims pray in the Nazareth's Basilica of the Annunciation built on the site where Christians believe Virgin Mary was told by the angel Gabriel that she would give birth to Jesus Christ, in the northern Arab-Israeli city of Nazareth on December 25, 2012.
The main and most serious problem is that on both sides people want all the land only for one people and one Nation. Hamas and radical leftist and nationalist secular Palestinian fractions and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad want Israel-proper, the West Bank (called Judea and Samaria)and Gaza as Palestine, a Palestinian Arab Muslim country with Jewish and Christian minorities, where the immigrants and descendants of European, American, South-African, Russian (Eurasia), Canadian, Latin American and South-American jews are forced to go back to Europe, Athe USA, South-Africa, Russia, Canada, Latin America and South-America. On the other hand you have the religious Zionists, and ethnic thinking far right, rightwing and centre right secular Zionists, who believe in a greater Israel (Eretz Yisrael Hashlema, Hebrew: ארץ ישראל השלמה) with as many jews as possible and as little Israeli Arabs, bedouins and Palestinians as possible.
Eretz Yisrael Hashlema, greater Israel on the map.
The Palestinian nationalism and Israeli Zionism are the biggest obstacles for peace, because the Ethnic nationalism, Identitarianism, nativism, ethnocentrism, territorialism, own people first thinking of these 2 strong Nationalisms make it impossible to reach a peace deal or agreement. Why, because the hard core nationalists, strict dogmatics, no surrender thinkers, no compromise people, Messianic, Orthodox and Puritinical (Hamas and the religious Israeli right -religious Jewish orthodox zionists-) and the toughened Israeli's and Palestinians who lost family members, friends, colleagues, fellow pupils/students (at their primary school, highshool or university) who are less likely to support compromise and an understanding of the other side make it difficult to reach a peace deal, sign peace treaties and to find a 2 state solution.
TThe Global Kingdom of Israel in the Times of the Messiah By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz
Both Hamas/Islamic Jihad and radical secular Palestinian nationalists(The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Popular Resistance Committees (Arabic: الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين, al-Jabhah al-Sha`biyyah li-Taḥrīr Filasṭīn) (PRC) (Arabic: لجان المقاومة الشعبية, Lijān al-Muqāwama al-Shaʿbiyya)) one one side and the Israeli Zionist right on the other side don't want a 2 state solution. Both want a One state solution, but on different grounds. One side wants Palestine, the other side wants Israel. The Israeli side seems to be stronger due to the fact that financially, economically, politically and military Israel is stronger than the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and the Hamas authority in the Gaza Strip.
Israeli tanks on their way to the Gaza border
Maybe the idealist, pragmatist and Realpolitiker (a politician who based his politics on practical and material factors rather than on theoretical or ethical objectives) Shimon Peres was right when he pleaded for a Leventine economical Union, a sort of Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg) of the Middle east in cooperation of Israel with the Palestinians, Jordan and Lebanon, forming an economical zone (Levantine Economical Union). Unfortunately both Israeli's and Palestinians weren't that much interested in mister Peresinteresting plan.
Shimon Peres called for a Levantine Economical Union of Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan and Lebanon.
Fact today is that the settlements will continue to grow, the West Bank (Judea and Samaria) will be more and more part of Israel and the tensions as a result of that will grow even more than in the past decades. A new Intifada (The 3d Intifada) will be bloodier than the First Intifada (8 December 1987 – 13 September 1993) and the Second Intifada (28 September 2000 – 8 February 2005), because there are a half million settlers in the West Bank today next to the 2 million Palestinian Arabs living there today. And since the Israeli political spectrummoved to the right, the Palestinian resistance also moved to a more nationalistic and radical direction.
A military march of the military wing of the Palestinian resistance factions in Gaza City, in support of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and as a rejection for the violations by the Israeli authorities in the West Bank and Jerusalem.
The Palestinians are more polarized, segregated and separated than the Israeli's due to the West Bank, Gaza and Palestinian diaspora in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Saoudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Yemen, the USA, Europe, Canada, Australia, Central America and South America.
The Palestinians are split in a West Bank Identity and a Gaza identity, split between Fatah (PLO/Palestinian Authority in the West Bank) and Hamas (in the Gaza strip), and the smaller radical fractions (parties/movements) of Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) (Arabic: لجان المقاومة الشعبية, Lijān al-Muqāwama al-Shaʿbiyya) in Gaza.
Otzma Yehudit (Jewish Power) leader Michael Ben Ari stands next to far-right protesters as they burn a Palestinian flag during a demonstration in the West Bank on November 29, 2012 [File: Ronen Zvulun/Reuters]
I hope that there are reasonable, moderate, pragmatic, long term thinking Israeli politicians in Israel who think on the long term of an Israel that can exist, live and flourish in the region and in the same time also moderate, pragmatic, long term thinking Palestinian leaders who will manage to negotiate, deal with and reach agreements with Israeli politicians in the best interest of both Palestinians and Israeli's. And hopefully in the near future less corrupt, clientelist, nepotist and authoritarian then the present Palestinian leadership which holds back democratic elections in the West Bank today. New grassroots movements, new political parties, new directions, new chances, new break throughs.