Rula Jebreal's father is a Sufi Muslim, what is Sufism?
Sufism or Taṣawwuf (Arabic: الْتَّصَوُّف; personal noun: صُوفِيّ ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, مُتَصَوِّف mutaṣawwif), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism", "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam", is mysticism in Islam, "characterized ... [by particular] values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions] which began very early in Islamic history and represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam. Practitioners of Sufism have been referred to as "Sufis" (Arabic plurals: صُوفِيَّة ṣūfiyyah; صُوفِيُّون ṣūfiyyūn; مُتَصَوُّفََة mutaṣawwifah; مُتَصَوُّفُون mutaṣawwifūn).
Historically, Sufis have often belonged to different ṭuruq or "orders" – congregations formed around a grand master referred to as a wali who traces a direct chain of successive teachers back to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. These orders meet for spiritual sessions (majalis) in meeting places known as zawiyas, khanqahs or tekke. They strive for ihsan (perfection of worship), as detailed in a hadith: "Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him; if you can't see Him, surely He sees you." Sufis regard Muhammad as al-Insān al-Kāmil, the primary perfect man who exemplifies the morality of God, and see him as their leader and prime spiritual guide.
All Sufi orders trace most of their original precepts from Muhammad through his cousin and son-in-law Ali, with the notable exception of one.
Although the overwhelming majority of Sufis, both pre-modern and modern, were and are adherents of Sunni Islam, there also developed certain strands of Sufi practice within the ambit of Shia Islam during the late medieval period. Although Sufis were opposed to dry legalism, they strictly observed Islamic law and belonged to various schools of Islamic jurisprudence and theology.
Sufis have been characterized by their asceticism, especially by their attachment to dhikr, the practice of remembrance of God, often performed after prayers. They gained adherents among a number of Muslims as a reaction against the worldliness of the early Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and have spanned several continents and cultures over a millennium, initially expressing their beliefs in Arabic and later expanding into Persian, Turkish, and Urdu, among others. Sufis played an important role in the formation of Muslim societies through their missionary and educational activities. According to William Chittick, "In a broad sense, Sufism can be described as the interiorization, and intensification of Islamic faith and practice."
Despite a relative decline of Sufi orders in the modern era and criticism of some aspects of Sufism by modernist thinkers and conservative Salafists, Sufism has continued to play an important role in the Islamic world, and has also influenced various forms of spirituality in the West.
Megan Specia of the New York Times wrote: Sufism is a mystical form of Islam, a school of practice that emphasizes the inward search for God and shuns materialism. It has produced some of the world’s most beloved literature, like the love poems of the 13th century Iranian jurist Rumi. Its modern-day adherents cherish tolerance and pluralism, qualities that in many religions unsettle extremists.
Appears those young IDF solders are acting out of character and needs be supervised by an officer. For the young lady was attempting to present her news work and yet keeping her composure infront of the camera.
A Palestinian gunman from the Fatah movement holds his weapon as he stands next to a charred car during clashes between Fatah and Islamic groups in the Ein el-Hilweh refugee camp, in the southern port city of Sidon, Lebanon, Tuesday, Feb 28, 2017. (AP Photo/Mohammed Zaatari)
Fighting among rival Palestinian and Arab movements has played a crucial role in shaping Israel's security policy towards Palestinian militants, as well as in the Palestinian leadership's own policies. As early as the 1930s revolts in Palestine, Arab forces fought each other while also skirmishing with Zionist and British forces, and internal conflicts continue to the present day. During the Lebanese Civil War, Palestinian baathists broke from the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from Yasser Arafat and allied with the Shia Amal Movement, fighting a bloody civil war that killed thousands of Palestinians.
Arab insurgents during the 1936–39 Arab Revolt in Mandatory Palestine
In the First Intifada, more than a thousand Palestinians were killed in a campaign initiated by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to crack down on suspected Israeli security service informers and collaborators. The Palestinian Authority was strongly criticized for its treatment of alleged collaborators, rights groups complaining that those labeled collaborators were denied fair trials. According to a report released by the Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group, less than 45 percent of those killed were actually guilty of informing for Israel.
Hamas militants surround Palestinians suspected of collaborating with Israel before executing them in Gaza City August 22, 2014. ( Reuters )
The policies towards suspected collaborators contravene agreements signed by the Palestinian leadership. Article XVI(2) of the Oslo II Agreement states:
"Palestinians who have maintained contact with the Israeli authorities will not be subjected to acts of harassment, violence, retribution, or prosecution."
The provision was designed to prevent Palestinian leaders from imposing retribution on fellow Palestinians who had worked on behalf of Israel during the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Members of the Hamas security forces arrest a Fatah supporter during a rally in Gaza City on Aug. 31, 2007. Hamas defeated Fatah in heavy fighting in Gaza in June 2007.
In the Gaza Strip, Hamas officials have tortured and killed thousands of Fatah members and other Palestinians who oppose their rule. During the Battle of Gaza, more than 150 Palestinians died over a four-day period. The violence among Palestinians was described as a civil war by some commentators. By 2007, more than 600 Palestinian people had died during the struggle between Hamas and Fatah.
A Palestinian Hamas militant runs to avoid sniper fire during clashes between Fatah militants and Palestinian security members in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza City, Wednesday, June 13, 2007.
Palestinian political and military leader Mohammed Dahlan talked about the option for Palestinians to live with Israelis in one state, provided it had equal rights and elections, during an interview with RT Arabic filmed on Saturday.
SOT, Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "At the moment Trump’s Administration has even put ultra-right Israeli circles in a difficult position with its ultra-extremist actions. All of these lead to taking juridical and political measures which complicate relations [between Palestinians and Israelis] and seriously undermine chances of achieving agreements between Palestinians and Israelis in the future."
SOT, Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "Palestinian people in Gaza are rapidly dying. I hear some shameful announcements from Ramallah which provoke sorrow and compel the heart to bleed: striving to punish Hamas, they [civil servants from Ramallah] are ready to sacrifice Palestinian people."
SOT, Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "I favour a parliamentarian system in which all political forces take part. This guarantees equal political rights and does not let a sole domination of a person or a group of people over a political situation in Palestine. A 12-years long ruling of Abu Mazen [Mahmoud Abbas] became a catastrophe in all senses." *JUMP CUT AT SOURCE*
SOT, Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "We, Palestinians, have the only option – conflict settlement based on a one-state decision."
Reporter (Arabic): "One-state decision?"
Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "If Israel counters the conflict settlement based on a two-state decision, then go for it, let us stay in one state. But we will not stay under occupation for ever."
Reporter (Arabic): "However, will Palestinians retain their national identity?"
Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "At the moment we are facing an option of conflict settlement based on a principle of two states for two nations. But everybody understands both behind the scenes and explicitly that this decision is now impossible in the time of Benjamin Netanyahu."
Reporter (Arabic): "Do I understand it right: the decision based on a one-state principle means that Palestinians will live under Israeli leadership?"
Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "No, no. The one-state decision is a well-studied decision which assumes that Palestinians will have the same rights as Israelis."
Reporter (Arabic): "But what should be done with the law on the national Jewish state?"
Mohammed Dahlan, Palestinian political and military leader (Arabic): "If they do not want to provide us with a state in Gaza City and on the West Bank calling these regions Judea and Samaria and considering them to be theirs, then we will say: 'Please, as you wish.' We announce – let it be one state, equal rights for all citizens and elections which demarcate our authority."