This might only be the beginning. We can expect troubles and clashes between Kurds and Turks in Western Europe in the coming days or weeks
Radical Kurds also might attack Turkish embassy's and consulates and maybe US embassies and consulates also. Remember 1999 when Abdullah Öcalan was captured in Kenya on 15 February 1999, while being transferred from the Greek embassy to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, in an operation by the Millî İstihbarat Teşkilâtı (Turkish National Intelligence Organization) reportedly with the help of the CIA.
We can get scenes like this. Kurds are proud people and fight for their Kurdistan, people, culture, language and autonomy
The Kurds want their own state, but the problem is that Kurdistan lies on Turkish, Syrian, Iraqi, Iranian and Armenian territory. In fact you have mainly 4 different Kurdistans with also their own idenities. You have Turkish Kurdistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Syrian Kurdistan and Iranian Kurdistan and it is a fact that ypu have various Kurish tribes, clans and thus peoples. In the Netherlands I have spoken with Turkish Kurds, Iraqi Kurds, Syrian Kurds and Iranian Kurds. An Iraqi Kurd colleague of mine explained that Turkish Kurds are different than Iraqi Kurds, due to the fact that many of them speak Turkish and are influence by Turkish culture. As a refugee fleeing Iraq he had bad experiences with Turkish Kurds who conned him. He feels connected to Iraq and Iraqi Kurds, but not to Turkish Kurds. He said that the PKK caused traubles for Iraqi Kurds in Kurdistan and that Iraqi Kurds clashed with the Turkish Kurd fighters of the PKK. The PKK presence in Nothern Iraq provokes armed response of the Turkish army who attacks Iraqi Kurdistan with bombardments of the Turkish Airforce, Turkish artillery and operations of Turkish ground forces into Iraqi Kurdistan in Northern Iraq. The Iraqi Kurds don't like that, but out of International Kurd solidarity and the fact that you don't speak negatively about fellow Kurds to non-Kurds they keeo silent. But amongs themselves unfortunately the Kurds have clashed with each other numerous times. In Northern Iraq the 2 dominant political parties and their own Peshmerga forces clashed with the Peshmerga forces of the other party. Where one party was supported by Turkey the other was supported by Iran.
The regional powers (Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Saoudi-Arabia, the USA, Russia, Israel and yes also the EU) unfortunately play a divived and rule game with the Kurds. The Kurds always try to find allies, and often allies are only temporary.
A good example of that temporary alliance is that the YPG and SDF alles the US army only a few days ago left Northern-Iraq and now I hear live on the Dutch NOS 20:00 hours news that the YPG/SDF have negotiated with the Syrian Ba'ath regime in Damascus and that the Syrian army is now moving North with the agreement of the Kurds to enter Kobane and other Northern Syrian cities and towns which are not occupied or liberated by Turkey yet. I uses 2 terms, because you have Pro-Turkish, Pro-Kurd and neutral people.
I heard in that Dutch national Public tv NOS 20:00 hours P.M. that the Kurds of the SDF/YPG militia's negotiated with representatives of the Syrian Ba'ath regime on a Russian Airforce base in territory which is controlled by the Syrian Army (officially the Syrian Arab Army (SAA)), the Russians, the Iranians and Hezbollah. So it seems that the Kurds have chosen to align themselves with the Pro Bashar al-Assad coalition of the Syrian Arab Army, Russians, Iranians, Hezbollah and the Iraqi, Yeminiti, Afghan and other Shia militia fighting in Syria against the Syrian rebel forces, Jihadists and the Free Syrian Army (Syrian National Army).
If the Kurds would gain the support of Syrian army tanks, artillery and Airforce, and maybe also Russian Airforce and Iranian and Hezbollah ground forces backing the situation on the ground might change rapidly. This would not benefit the old Western allies of the Kurds. The Russian and Iranian influence will expand, Hezbollah wlll be all over Syria and gain more war experience, and the Ba'ath regime will controle the whole territory of Syria except a small pocket of land in the North-West which is still occupied by Salafist Islamist Jihadist extremist rebel forces from
Map Newsweek about the present situation in Syria right now
WORLD NEWSOCTOBER 13, 2019 / 7:51 PM / UPDATED 10 MINUTES AGO
Russia takes part in talks between Syria and Kurdish-led SDF
Tom Perry, Rodi Said
3 MIN READ
BEIRUT/QAMISHLI, Syria, (Reuters) - The Syrian government and the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have been holding negotiations with Russian participation, a Syrian Kurdish politician said on Sunday, expressing hope for a deal that would halt a Turkish attack.
FILE PHOTO: Members of Syrian National Army, known as Free Syrian Army, wave as they drive to cross into Syria near the Turkish border town of Ceylanpinar in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, October 10, 2019. REUTERS/Stringer/File Photo
Ahmed Suleiman, a senior member of the Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party in Syria, said the talks were being held at Russia’s Hmeimim airbase in Latakia, although a source close to the Syrian government said they were taking place in Damascus.
Suleiman did not say if he or his party - which is independent from the SDF - had a role in the process.
The head of the SDF media office, Mustafa Bali, said he had “no comment” when asked about Suleiman’s remarks. “We have confirmed from the start of the (Turkish) invasion that we will study all options that could spare our people ethnic cleansing,” he said.
The source close to the Syrian government said meetings between the SDF and Damascus had taken place before and after the latest Turkish offensive.
Suleiman, who is from the city of Qamishli in a part of Syria held by the SDF, said he hoped for a deal.
“We are now in Damascus, this is what I can say at present. We hope an agreement is reached that halts the war and its dangerous and catastrophic consequences on the citizens east of the Euphrates”, he told Reuters via Whatsapp messenger.
His party, one of Syria’s oldest Kurdish groups, is not involved in the autonomous administration set up by the SDF and other Kurdish groups such as the PYD party in northern Syria.
Russia is President Bashar al-Assad’s most powerful ally.
Turkish forces backed by Syrian rebel groups launched an offensive on Wednesday into areas of northern Syria controlled by the SDF. Ankara says it is targeting Kurdish forces linked to an insurgency on Turkish territory.
The Turkish attack began after U.S. forces that have backed the SDF withdrew from part of the Syrian-Turkish border. The SDF, a major ally of the United States against Islamic State, called it a stab in the back.
U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said on Sunday the United States was poised to evacuate about 1,000 U.S. troops from northern Syria after learning that Turkey planned to extend its incursion further south and west than originally planned.
Editing by Raissa Kasolowsky and Edmund Blair
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The base and the biggest strength, succes, autonomy and independence lies in Iraqi Kurdistan now. The Iraqi Kurds are governed by a coalition of the 2 main Iraqi Kurd political parties; (1) the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), a tribal, feudalistic, and aristocratic party which is controlled by the Barzani tribe. The KDP is a Kurd Nationalist, center right, conservative, Pro Self-determination party. (2) The second most influential and powerful Kurd Political Party in the Iraqi Autonomous 'Kurdistan Region' (KRI) in Southern-Kurdistan is the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). The PUK is a Centre-left, Social Democratic, Kurdish nationalist, Third Way political party. The Third Way is a position akin to centrism that tries to reconcile right-wing and left-wing politics by advocating a varying synthesis of centre-right and centrist economic platforms with some centre-left social policies. The Third Way is promoted by social liberals and some social democratic parties during the nineties. Advocates dof the The Third Way were the former British Labour Prime minister Tony Blair, the British sociologist Anthony Giddens and the former American president Bill Clinton. The KDP and PUK are old rivals in Iraqi Southern-Kurdistan. North-Kurdistan is Turkish Kurdistan, West-Kurdistan is the Syrian party of Kurdistan, Turkey is invading right now, and Eastern-Kurdistan lies in Iran.
The PUK received grass roots support from the urban intellectual classes of Iraqi Kurdistan upon its establishment, partly due to 5 of its 7 founding members being PhD holders and academics. In the early 1980s the PUK evolved and broadened its appeal to all sections of Kurdish society especially the rural classes. The regional Kurdish assembly elections showed that the PUK's support lies predominantly in the southern area of Iraqi Kurdistan.
Since the first Gulf War, the PUK has jointly administered Kurdistan Region with the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP). However, in 1994 the parties engaged in a three-year conflict, known as the Iraqi Kurdish Civil War. Fighting broke out in May 1994 between the KDP and the PUK, dividing Iraqi Kurdistan into two regions, with the KDP receiving support from the Iraqi government as well as Turkey and Iran. The PKK fought alongside the PUK, and the United States would intervene in 1996 and negotiate a peace agreement in September 1998. In September 2001, the Islamist group Jund al-Islam (the Army of Islam) massacred 43 PUK members.
The Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
The Iraqi Kurdish Civil War was a military conflict that took place between rival Kurdish factions in Iraqi Kurdistan during the mid-1990s, most notably between the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. The civil war lasted from May 1994 until 24 November 1997. Over the course of the conflict, Kurdish factions from Iranian and Turkish Kurdistan, as well as Iranian, Iraqi and Turkish state forces, were drawn into the fighting, with additional involvement from American forces. Between 3,000 and 5,000 fighters and civilians were killed.
Kurdish-controlled area of Iraq since 1991
In 2006 the PUK, became a member of the Socialist International and Talabani is a vice president of the organisation. The last party congress was held in June 2010, where a new politburo and leadership council was elected.
The KDP historically maintained a broad base of political allegiances, acting as a big tent party ranging from tribal conservatives to socialists. Today the party is regarded as populist, nationalist, and somewhat conservative. The KDP was a member of the defunct Alliance of Democrats and was invited to some meetings of the Socialist International.
The Kurds in Iraq oscillatingly fought for either autonomy or independence throughout the 20th century and experienced Arabization and genocide at the hands of Iraq. However, the American-led no fly zone from March 1991 on over most of Iraqi Kurdistan gave the Kurds a chance to experiment with self-governance and the autonomous region was de facto established. However, Iraq only recognized the autonomy of Kurdistan after the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003 with a new Iraqi constitution in 2005. A non-binding independence referendum was held in September 2017 which created mixed reactions internationally.
Despite being landlocked, the Kurdistan Region pursues a proactive foreign policy, which includes strengthening diplomatic relations with Iran, Russia, United States and Turkey. 29 countries have a diplomatic presence in the Kurdistan Region, while the Kurdistan Region has representative offices in 14 countries.
The Kurdistan Region has the lowest poverty rates in Iraq and the stronger economy of the Kurdistan Region attracted around 20,000 workers from other parts of Iraq between 2003 and 2005. The number of millionaires in the city of Sulaymaniyah grew from 12 to 2,000 in 2003, reflecting the economic growth. According to some estimates, the debt of the Kurdish government reached $18 billion by January 2016.
The economy of Kurdistan is dominated by the oil industry. However, Kurdish officials have since the late 2010s attempted to diversify the economy to mitigate a new economic crisis like the one which hit the region during the fight against ISIL. Major oil export partners include Israel, Italy, France and Greece.
Syrian troops fight alongside Kurds against Turkish incursion
Turkish tanks and troops stationed near Syrian town of Manbij, Syria, October 15, 2019. (Ugur Can/DHA via AP)
'Violent clashes' spotted near the main M4 highway as Ankara's unrelenting assault continues
The Syrian army deployed alongside Kurdish forces on the front line in northern Syria Wednesday but their newfound cooperation saw no let-up in the week-old Turkish invasion, a monitor said.
In a rare scene in Syria's eight-year-old civil war, government troops and Kurdish fighters were "fighting together" against Turkey's Syrian proxies northeast of the town of Ain Issa, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
The Britain-based monitor reported "violent clashes" near the M4 highway -- a key east-west artery that links the Kurdish heartland in the northeast with Syria's second city Aleppo and the Mediterranean coast beyond.