in the past I never thought about Netherlands as a colonial country, but yes, you were. Dutch were known for smartness, trading and navy rather than as the slaves owners in my mind. Quite colorful parade and it shows slightly different genetic origin than the majority of African Americans.
KETI KOTI: That is how slavery was commemorated in Amsterdam (2019)
Today is Keti Koti, commemorating the abolition of slavery. For some, the commemoration in Amsterdam is very important because too little would have been achieved regarding the disadvantage of black people in the Netherlands.
Pieter, so is this Dutch Slavery Day celebrated every year? We don't have really anything like that in the US. Maybe we should... but in the current hot atmosphere it is probably better keep certain things quiet.
Not celebrated but commemorated and mourned. Especially by the Afro Dutch communities of Surinamese, Dutch Antilian and African Dutch (Ghanese Dutch, Senegalese Dutch, Cameroon Dutch, Nigerian Dutch and etc.) people, but also by growing numbers of Native Dutch people. Yes, the slavery, slave trade and abuse of Black people in that dark period of our history is commemorated every year during the commemoration of the abolishment of Dutch Slavery in 1863. In 1800 American citizens were banned from investment and employment in the international slave trade in an additional Slave Trade Act. The abolition of transatlantic slave trade took effect in Denmark-Norway on January 1, 1803.
Abolition of the Slave Trade Act abolished slave trading in the British Empire in 1807. Captains fined £120 per slave transported. Patrols sent to the African coast to arrest slaving vessels. The West Africa Squadron (Royal Navy) is established to suppress slave trading; by 1865, nearly 150,000 people freed by anti-slavery operations. In 1807 Slave trading was made a felony punishable by transportation for both British subjects and foreigners on the territory and territorial waters of the British Empire. In the Dutch Empire Slave trade was abolished in 1814.
In 1862 Slavery was abolished in the Dutch colonies, emancipating 33,000 slaves in Surinam, 12,000 in the Dutch Antilles, and an indeterminate number in Indonesia (back then the Dutch East Indies). The Dutch were very late to do so. But after the abolishment of slavery the slavery continued in Surinam and in the Dutch Antilles under the disguised name of Convict leasing or property loss acts. Slaves had to continue to work under slave conditions with extremely low wages, because the white plantation owners lost money and possessions (the slaves themselves as workforce) after the abolishment of slavery in the Dutch Empire (Kingdom).
In 1869 the Portuguese king Louis I abolished slavery in all Portuguese territories and colonies. In 1870 amidst great opposition from the Cuban and Puerto Rican planters, Segismundo Moret drafts a "Law of Free Wombs" that frees children of slaves, slaves older than 65 years, and slaves serving in the Spanish Army, beginning in 1872. In Puerto Rico slavery was abolished in 1873.
In Cuba Slavery was abolished in 1886.
In Brazil the Golden Law decreeing the total abolition of slavery with immediate effect, without indemnities to slave owners was implemented in 1888. The financial aid to the freedmen planned by the monarchy never took place due to the 15 November 1889 military coup that established a Republic in the country.
The Brussels Conference Act – was a collection of anti-slavery measures in 1890 to put an end to the slave trade on land and sea, especially in the Congo Basin, the Ottoman Empire, and the East African coast.
In Italian Somaliland in Eastern Africa the First slaves were freed in 1895. In Madagascar and Zanzibar slavery was abolished in 1896.
In Guam an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean, Slavery was abolished on February 22, 1900, by proclamation of Richard P. Leary, an admiral in the United States Navy who served from the American Civil War through the Spanish–American War.
Although slavery is now abolished de jure in all countries, de facto practices akin to it continue today in many places throughout the world.