Post by JustJohn or JJ on Mar 31, 2021 7:14:14 GMT -7
August 1920. The Polish people puts up a dramatic defense of the capital city of Warsaw against the invasion of the Soviet Union. The struggle ends up with an epic victory of Christian Poland over the Marxist communist tyranny.
The special words of gratitude to Cardinal Achille Ratti, the ambassador of the Holy See to Poland and the future Pope Pius XI, who was the only diplomat in Warsaw that didn't flee the city during the Bolshevik siege in August 1920.
This video is based on the movie, "The Battle of Warsaw 1920", which is available on DVDs and BRs. The epilogue contains the video fragments of the military parades from Aug.15, 2014 and Aug.15, 2007.
I no longer listen to what people say, I just watch what they do. Behavior never lies. Winston Churchill
“That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons that history has to teach.” Aldous Huxley
The Battle of Warsaw (Polish: Bitwa Warszawska, Russian: Варшавская битва, transcription: Varshavskaya bitva, Ukrainian: Варшавська битва, transcription: Varshavsʹka bytva), also known as the Miracle on the Vistula (Polish: Cud nad Wisłą), was a series of battles that resulted in a decisive Polish victory in 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War. Poland, on the verge of total defeat, repulsed and defeated the Red Army in what Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik leader, called "an enormous defeat" for his forces.
After the Polish Kiev Offensive, Soviet forces launched a successful counterattack in summer 1920, forcing the Polish army to retreat westward in disarray. The Polish forces seemed on the verge of disintegration and observers predicted a decisive Soviet victory.
The battle of Warsaw was fought from August 12–25, 1920 as Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevsky approached the Polish capital of Warsaw and the nearby Modlin Fortress. On August 16, Polish forces commanded by Józef Piłsudski counterattacked from the south, disrupting the enemy's offensive, forcing the Russian forces into a disorganized withdrawal eastward and behind the Neman River. Estimated Russian losses were 10,000 killed, 500 missing, 30,000 wounded, and 66,000 taken prisoner, compared with Polish losses of some 4,500 killed, 10,000 missing, and 22,000 wounded.
In the following months, several more Polish follow-up victories secured Poland's independence and led to a peace treaty with Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine later that year, securing the Polish state's eastern frontiers until 1939.
The politician and diplomat Edgar Vincent regards this event as one of the most important battles in history on his expanded list of most decisive battles, since the Polish victory over the Soviets halted the spread of communism further westwards into Europe. A Soviet victory, which would have led to the creation of a pro-Soviet Communist Poland, would have put the Soviets directly on the eastern border of Germany, where considerable revolutionary ferment was present at the time.
Norman Davies, an author and historian, invites you to listen to a podcast about the Battle of Warsaw, 1920, prepared for the Relief Society for Poles and produced by UrbanRec for the Polish Culture Institute in London.
The Battle of Warsaw, also known as the Miracle of the Vistula, was a series of battles that resulted in a decisive Polish victory in 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War.
Poland, on the verge of total defeat, repulsed the Red Army in what Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik leader, called “an enormous defeat” for his forces.
To mark the 100th anniversary of this remarkable event in the European history, Polish Cultural Institute produced a podcast with the extraordinary Norman Davies reflecting on the battle.